Citations

The four facets of a proper citation cover Who, What, When, Where, and sometimes Wherein. Genealogist use the humanities style citation which can be found in both Evidence Explained and The Family History Detective. Footnotes are also an important when compiling a family history. Below is an alphabetized list of examples taken from both books as well as the Family Search website.

Artifact: Creator, Artifact Title Quoted, Item Type, Creation Date, Collection or Last Known Owner, Repository, Owner Location, Year Owned.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 93: Horst, Ella. “Amish Friendship Sample Album.’ Quilt. ca. 1876-1900. Michigan Quilt Project. Michigan State University Museum, East Lansing.
  2. Sample from Evidence Explained, Page 105: Stabler, Zella (Lovell). Scrapbook ca 1930-80. Privately Held by Mrs. Stabler, Williamsport, Pennsylvania. 2007.

Bible Record: Bible ID (Original Owner and dates), Bible Title, Publication Place, Publisher, Year, Collection, Repository, Location.

  1. Sample from Family History Detective page 126: Robert Harmon Williams Family Bible, The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments (New York, 1890); Original owned in 1997 by Cleta Taylor. The Bible was inherited and currently in possession of David Bock, grandson of Cleta Taylor.
  2. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 98: John G Jefferson Family Bible, 1800-1931; The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments. Cooperstown, NY: H&E Phinney, 1827. Bible Records Collection. Library of Virginia, Richmond.
  3. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 107: Green, John Lynde, Family Bible Records, 1807-1944. The Holy Bible. Philadelphia: Matthew Carey, 1811. Privately held by John Lynde Green, Germantown, Maryland.

Book: Author, Title, Place of Publication, Publisher (or address), Year.

  1. Sample from The Family History Detective page 126: Jane Gray Buchanan, Thomas Thompson and Ann Finney of Colonial Pennsilvania and North Carolina (Oak Ridge, Tenn.; privately printed 1987), 239-259
  2. Personal Example: Jane Gray Buchanan, Thomas Thompson and Ann Finney of Colonial Pennsylvania and North Carolina (Oak Ridge, Tenn.; privately printed, 1987), pages 228-259.
  3. Sample from Evidence Explained page 675 of self-published work: Edward R. Brandt, Learning and Deciphering the Gothic Script (Minneapolis: Edward R Brandt [13 Twenty-Seventh Ave 55414}, 1990), page 21.

Cemetery Record: Cemetery Office, Location, Item Type, Date.

  1. Sample from Family Search: Joseph Sturm Family Burial Plot Card, St. Mary Cemetery Office, 701 E Ross Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45217. www.cccsohio.org ,  citing plot record from 1 February 1859.
  2. Sample from Evidence Explained page 209: Bellevue Cemetery Office (Lawrence, Massachusetts). Plot Records. 1974.

Corporate Record: Corporate Collection, Series, Record Group, Repository, Location.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 162: Ford Motor Company Records. A.K. Mills Record Series, 1950-1954. Administrative Files Subgroup. Benson Ford Research Center at The Henry Ford, Detroit, Michigan.
  2. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 163: Nichols Funeral Homes (Haleyville, Alabama) to Jane Nardy. Letter. 2 December 2004. Privately held by Nardy, Atlanta, Georgia. 2007.

Diary/Journal: Author, Title, Record Type, Place Created, Record Dates, Last Known Owner, Location, Year Owned.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained page 143: Brown, Sarah Jane (Hickman). “Journal.” MS. Fernwood Station, Mississippi, 1896-1902. Privately held by Anne S. Anderson, Gulfport, Mississippi. 2005.

Email: Writer, Writer’s Location, Writer’s Contact Information, Recipient, Item Type, Date, Subject Line.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 113: Fernando Pena, New York City pena@gmail.com to Katherine E. Flynn, email, 27 January 2003, “Catalogs of Emily Driscoll, Antiquarian Bookseller,”

Genetic Testing Report: Corporate Author & Location, Report Title, Recipient, Recipient Location, Report Date, Where & When Held.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 171: DNA Print Genomics (Sarasota, Florida). “DNAPrint 2.5 Autosomal Report, kit TGDP 172,” prepared for E.E. Watson, West Memphis, Arkansas. 1 June 2006. Privately held by Watson, 2007.

Grave Marker: Cemetery, Location, Directions or GPS reading, Record Type, Section or Lot, Date.

  1. Sample from Family Search: “Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/QV26-1WJV : 13 December 2015), Helen M. Grant, ; Burial, Mishawaka, St. Joseph, Indiana, United States of America, Fairview Cemetery; citing record ID 70393715, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com.
  2. Sample from Evidence Explained page 213: “Brian Cemetery (Lawrence County, Illinois; 5.5 miles off Highway 1801). Grave Marker. Section 30. 1974.
  3. Sample from Evidence Explained page 214: Waldheim Cemetery (Forest Park, Cook County, Illinois), Egbert Petersen marker, section 555C; 1992.

Interview/Audio Transcript: Person Interviewed, Location, Name of Interviewer, Date, Item Format, Last Known Owner, Owner’s Location.

  1. Sample from The Family History Detective page 128: Interview with Thurlow Williams, Stone County, Arkansas, by Cuva Williams Neil, 4 July 1977. Transcript prepared by Cuva Neil, copy in possession of Desmond Walls Allen, Arkansas.
  2. Personal Sample: Interview with Rita Sturm, Campbell Kentucky by Aubrey Backscheider, 4 April 2017. Transcript prepared by Aubrey Backscheider, copy in possession of Aubrey Backscheider.
  3. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 110: Cortez, Camila. Tehachapi, California. Interview by Kathleen Wardle Cortez, 29 November 2002. Video and transcript. Privately held by interviewer, Woodacre, California.

Lineage Society Record: Organization, Collection, Repository, Repository Location.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained, page 167: Mayflower Descendants, General Society of. Application Files. Office of the Historian General, Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Microfilm:

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained page 129: Cane River Collection. THNOC microfilm MSS 182, 5 rolls. The Historic New Orleans Collection, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Military Service Record: 

  1. Sample from The Family History Detective page 128: D.H. Grimes, compiled military service record (Corporal, Company I, 27th Arkansas Infantry, Complied Service Records of Confederate soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Arkansas, microfilm publication M317, (Washington D.C. National Archives), roll 195.

Newspapers/Obituaries: 

  1. Sample from Family Search: Cincinnati Post Newsdex database, Cincinnati Public Library (http://newsdex.cincinnatilibrary.org), Charles E. Biehn, citing record from 05/23/1952 page 32:3.

Photo/Portrait: Subject, Creation Date, Collection, Repository, Location.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained page 99: Agnes (Poissot) Metoyer Portrait, ca. 1835; Pat Henry Jr. Collection, Cammie G. Henry Research Center; Northwestern State University, Natchitoches, Louisiana.
  2. Sample from The Family History Detective page 128: Hannah Grimes Moffitt original 5×7 photograph, inscribed on back “Love from your Grandma, Hannah Moffitt.” date presumably 1923. Gift to Desmond Walls Allen in 1988 from Curtis Williams, Grandson of Hannah Moffitt.

School Record (Transcript, Minutes, Diploma): School, Document Type, Repository, Location, Date.

  1. Sample from Evidence Explained page 189: University of Alabama. “Minutes of the Faculty, 1842-.” University Archives, Hoole Library, Tuscaloosa.
  2. Thulmar Jeffcoat, Transcript of Attendance Record, Howling Wolf School, 1921; supplied by Sunflower Country Board of Education, Indianola, Mississippi 1998; privately held by [NAME].

Vital Records (adoption, birth, death, divorce, marriage): Jurisdiction, Certificate #, Date, ID of Person(s), Repository, Location.

  1. Sample from Family Search: “Cincinnati (Ohio). Health Dept.” database, (http://hdl.handle.net/2374.UC/414768), Lillie Sturm; citing record ID 448932; Sturm, Lillie Ann (Death, 1912-03-14) 1908-1912 (Cincinnati Birth and Death Records).
  2. Sample from The Family History Detective page 126: Hadley Edward Hirrill, birth certificate number 103-001727, 1981, Arkansas Department of Health, Division of Vital Records, Little Rock.
  3. Sample from Evidence Explained page 425: Polk County, Florida, marriage certificate no. 6745 (1940), Garland-Davis; Polk County Central Bureau of Vital Statistics, Barrow.

Blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: